Seven pillars of FLEGT

This section explains the EU FLEGT Action Plan’s seven broad elements, which are listed below. It describes progress and provides case studies and reporting tips. Among the topics covered are the EU Timber Regulation and Voluntary Partnership Agreements between the EU and timber exporting countries outside the EU.


Download FLEGT Media as a PDF translated into: 


For inquiries and assistance, email



Support to timber-producing countries


The EU FLEGT Action Plan phrases this as “supporting timber-producing countries, including promoting fair solutions to the illegal logging problem”. In practice this means that the EU makes funding and expertise available to countries that need help tackling illegal logging.

This support can include:

  • Providing technical experts to work in government ministries or departments
  • Helping countries to set up technical systems and structures
  • Funding to support multistakeholder processes
  • Funding that enables stakeholders from civil society and the private sector to contribute to FLEGT goals

The EU may channel this support through intermediaries, such as EU-based civil society organisations, private sector associations and consultancies, and international organisations such as the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the EU FLEGT Facility. EU Member States also provide support to timber-exporting countries through their international development budgets.

Some examples include:

  • In Ghana, the EU Chainsaw Project led by Tropenbos International is exploring alternatives to illegal chainsaw milling that can serve the domestic lumber market
  • In Indonesia, the UK-funded Multistakeholder Forestry Programme helps Indonesia to implement its Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) with the EU by facilitating partnerships between central and local government, civil society and the private sector.
  • In Laos, the ProFLEGT programme funded by the German development agency GIZ is supporting VPA negotiations. ProFLEGT helps the government of Laos to manage and inclusive multistakeholder process, builds the capacity of stakeholders to engage in the process and will test the emerging timber legality assurance system in order to improve it.


Reporting tips

Learn more: Source of information on EU support to timber-exporting countries include the FAO FLEGT Programme and the Map of FLEGT Projects, which gives details of more than 100 projects that the EU and EU Member States have funded.

Questions to consider:

  • How much money are the EU and EU Member States spending, and where does it go?
  • What is the evidence that EU support has had lasting impacts?
  • Who benefits from support? Who misses out?
  • How does EU support for timber-exporting countries under FLEGT align with other development cooperation, such as support for REDD+ activities?
  • What happens after the project ends? Are the benefits ongoing?
Print Friendly and PDF